Bibliography of Vergilian Scholarship: 1991-1992



Table of Contents

The present survey of Vergilian Scholarship is the thirtieth in the VERGILIUS Series. Classical World 68:1 (1974), published in association with The Vergilian Society, Inc., contains my ``Recent Work on Vergil: A Bibliographical Survey. 1964-73.'' The survey was reprinted in The Classical World Bibliography of Vergil, ed. Walter Donlan (New York & London: Garland, 1978). Subsequent reviews have appeared in VERGILIUS 19 (1973) to 37 (1991).

The 1991-1992 compilation is greatly indebted to the assistance and cooperation of several libraries: Firestone Library, Princeton University; the Library of The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, N.J.; Helsinki University Library; and Mills Memorial Library, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. Offprints of articles, chapters, and titles have been generously provided by readers. Scholars and authors are respectfully invited to send material and advice to the editor, Alexander G. McKay, Department of Classics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4M2, Canada.

Don Fowler has noted recently (G&R 39 [1992] 97) that ``the seemingly endless expansion of publications . . . has put a great strain on our bibliographical tools . . . For more recent material (than L'Année Philologique) one has to rely on Gnomon and Bollettino di Studi Latini, but their coverage is very partial'' . . . (credite experto). ``The answer has to lie in a move to electronic dissemination, but while Classics has been a pioneer in the provision of machine readable texts, it lags behind in bibliography. A start is being made on existing material by the US-based Database of Classical Bibliography which aims to get some 204,000 bibliographical records from L'Année Philologique by September 1993 (cf. APA Newsletter, Autumn, 1991). ``But for current bibliography,'' in Fowler's argument with which I entirely concur, ``we really need an online depository to which people could send abstracts and retrieve the hottest and latest.'' Fowler suggests that we just need organization. I suggest that we have an organization with a good experience ready to launch a pilot project with Vergil. When shall we begin, members and faithful readers?

N.B. ``AAVV'' = auctores varii.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Juliette Ernst, Viktor Poeschl, Laurence D. Stephens (eds.), L'Année Philologique, Bibliographie critique et analytique de l'antiquité greco-latine 59 (1991).

2. F. Cupaiuolo, ``Notiziario bibliografico,'' BStudL 21 (1991) s.v. Vergilius.

3. Alexander G. McKay, ``Vergilian Bibliography, 1990-1991,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 77-111.

4. Maria Teresa Morano Rando, Bibliografia Virgiliana (Passato e Presente 6. Genova 1987. Rev. (Anon.), LEC 59 (1991) 197.

5. Thomas J. Sienkewicz, The Classical Epic: An Annotated Bibliography. Pasadena, CA. 1991.

Morano Rando includes thought, art, and influence in her extensive post-Mambelli bibliography. Sienkewicz's annotated bibliography (178-257), is designed to help the more advanced high school student and the general college student to discover sources for course papers and projects. Articles in periodical or scholarly journals are usually cited only when they have been reprinted in volumes more readily available to the (anglophone) reader.

COLLECTIONS

6. A.J. Boyle, The Imperial Muse: Ramus Essays on Roman Literature of the Empire, Flavian Epicist to Claudian. Bendigo 1990. Rev: Dehon, Latomus 51 (1992) 243-5.

7. Francis Cairns, Malcolm Heath (eds.), Papers of the Leeds International Latin Seminar 6: Roman Poetry and Drama, Greek Epic, Comedy, Rhetoric. Leeds 1990. [CAIRNS]

8. G. D'Anna, Virgilio. Saggi critici. Roma 1989. Rev: Cova, Athenaeum 79 (1991) 213-3.

9. M. Gigante, ed., Virgilio e gli Augustei. Naples 1990. Rev: Fowler, G&R 38 (1991) 244-5; Horsfall, CR 41 (1991) 483-4.

10. Peter Godman, Oswyn Murray (eds.), Latin Poetry and the Classical Tradition. Essays in Medieval and Renaissance Literature. (Oxford-Warburg Studies). Oxford 1990. Rev: Binns, CR 41 (1991) 522-3.

11. R. Jacoff, J.T. Schnapp, The Poetry of Allusion: Virgil and Ovid in Dante's Commedia. Stanford CA, 1991. [ALLUSION]

12. K. Kubusch, ed., W. Wimmel, Collectanea: Augustertum und späte Republik. Wiesbaden 1987. Rev: Horsfall, RFIC 119 (1991) 354-7.

13. Ian McAuslan, Peter Walcot (eds.), Virgil. (Greece and Rome Studies). Oxford, 1990. Rev: Hardie, CR 41 (1991) 482-3; Defosse, LEC 59 (1991) 297.

14. Rosario Portale, Virgilio in Inghilterra: Saggi (Pisa 1991). [PORTALE]

15. V. Nazzaro, A. Scivoletto, Interpretationes Vergilianae minores. Genoa, 1991.

MODERN TRANSLATIONS

16. G.& M. Benincase, L'Eneide in ottava rima napoletana. Roma, 1992.

17. David R. Slavitt, Virgil. (New Haven 1992). Rev. Walcot, G&R 38 (1991) 270-71.

18. D. West, trans., Virgil: The Aeneid: A New Prose Translation. (Harmondsworth 1990). Rev: Feeney, CR 42 (1992) 191-2; Griffin, TLS 4598 (1991) 3-4; Fowler, G&R 38 (1991) 242-4; Edwards, ``Andromache's Lament,'' (letter), TLS 4605 (1991) 13.

APPENDIX VERGILIANA

19. C. Connors, ``Simultaneous Hunting and Herding at Ciris 297-300,'' CR 41 (1991) 556-9.

20. P. Cutolo, ``The Genre of the Copa'', CAIRNS 115-9.

21. A. Franzoi (ed.), Copa. L'Ostessa. Poemetto pseudovirgiliano. Padua 1988. Rev: Verdière, Latomus 50 (1991) 419-20.

22. A. Kershaw, ``Copa 5-6 Once More,'' CP 87 (1992) 240-41.

23. D. Lassandro, Aetnae poematis lexicon. Genoa 1989. Rev: Dehon, Latomus 50 (1991) 493.

Kershaw responds to R.F. Thomas, CP 86 (1991) 41, 43.

ECLOGUES: GENERAL STUDIES

24. L. Deschamps, ``Réflexions sur l'espace et le temps dans les `Bucoliques' de Virgile,'' Humanitas 39-40 (1987-88) 115-122.

25. E. Flintoff, ``Flirting with Mermaids,'' LEC 16 (1991) 132-6.

26. M. Owen Lee, Death and Rebirth in Virgil's Arcadia. Albany 1989. Rev: Deremetz, Latomus 51 (1992) 188-91; O'Hara, CW 84 (1991) 241; P.L. Smith, Phoenix 46 (1992) 92-4; Rudd, UTQ 60 (1990) 101-2.

27. S. Stabryla, ``La poésie et la réalité (Essai sur les Bucoliques de Virgile),'' Eos 78 (1990) 173-181.

Flintoff treats marine imagery, names and coinages associated with the sea, a source of threatening material infringing on the sedate, Hellenic complacencies of the shepherds.

ECLOGUES: INDIVIDUAL

28. B. Baldwin, ``Eclogue 6: The Simple Explanation,'' SO 66 (1991) 97-107.

29. L.D. Carson, Song in Vergil's Eclogues. Diss., U. North Carolina, Chapel, Hill, 1990. DA 52:1 (1991) 154A.

30. J. Farrell, ``Asinius Pollio in Vergil Eclogue 8,'' CP 86 (1991) 204-11.

31. T. Köves-Zulauf, Römische Geburtsriten (Zetemata 87). Munich 1990. Rev: Gardner, CR 42 (1992) 92-4.

32. I. Nicastri, ``La quarta ecloga di Virgilio e la profezia dell' Emmanuele,'' Vichiana 18 (1989) 221-71.

33. A. di Stefano, Lessemi e mitologemi nella ecloga 10 di Virgilio,'' Atti. Acc. Pelor. 65 (1989) 165-84.

34. H.N. Parker, ``Fish in Trees and Tie-Dyed Sheep: A Function of the Surreal in Roman Poetry,'' Arethusa 25 (1992) 293-323.

35. J. Van Sickle, A Reading of Virgil's Messianic Eclogue (Harvard Dissertations in Classics) New York 1992.

Baldwin's article happily clears the way for a more relaxed reading of the enigmatic bucolic. Farrell confirms 42-39 B.C. as correct dates for the composition of the bucolic poems. Köves-Zulauf treats Eclogue 4 in his larger compass. Parker assesses Eclogue 4.42-47 (318-21). Van Sickle's path-breaking Harvard dissertation on the Messianic Eclogue is a wayfarer returned.

GEORGICS: GENERAL

36. J. Farrell, Vergil's Georgics and the Traditions of Ancient Epic: The Art of Allusion in Literary History. New York & Oxford 1991. Rev: Perkell, CP 87 (1992) 269-74; Myers, BMCR 2:4 (1991) 223-7.

37. M. Gale, ``Man and Beast in Lucretius and the Georgics,'' CQ 41 (1991) 414-26.

38. R.A.B. Mynors (ed.), Virgil's Georgics, with commentary. Rev: Defosse, LEC 59 (1991) 197; Fowler, G&R 38 (1991) 239-41; White, CR 42 (1992) 40-44; Johnston, BMCR 2:6 (1991) 381-4.

39. J. Paterson, ``The Romans and the Countryside,'' PCA 87 (1990) 18-19.

40. C. Perkell, The Poet's Truth: A Study of the Poet in Virgil's Georgics. Berkeley & Los Angeles 1989. Rev: Farrell, AJP 113 (1992) 294-7; Galinsky, CW 84 (1991) 478; P. Hardie, JRS 81 (1991) 204-5.

41. R.F. Thomas, Virgil, Georgics. Vol. 1, Books I-II; 2, Books III, IV (Cambridge 1988). Rev: Fantham, CP 86 (1991) 163-7; Gaisser, CW 84 (1991) 422; P. Hardie, JRS 80 (1990) 207-Gaisser, CW 84 (1991) 422; P. Hardie, JRS 80 (1990) 207-9; Horsfall, RFIC 119 (1991) 211-7; Nisbet, 23CR 40 (1990) 260-63.

Gale argues for the pervasive influence of Lucretius in the Georgics in ideas and langauge, particularly in Vergil's presentation of the physical and metaphysical relations between man and beast. Paterson explores the implication of virtus and gloria in successful farming. More than income was involved in the operation.

GEORGICS: INDIVIDUAL POEMS

42. J.J. O'Hara, ``Naming the Stars at Georgics I. 137-38 & Fasti 5. 163-182,'' AJP 113 (1992) 47-61.

43. A. Pennacini, ``La narrazione patetica di Virgilio: Orfeo nell' Ade,'' AAW, Retorica della communicazione nella letteratura classiche. Bologna 1990, 101-107.

44. R.F. Thomas, ``The Sacrifice at the End of the Georgics, Aristaeus, and Vergilian Closure,'' CP 86 (1991) 211-8.

45. J.H. Bishop, The Cost of Power: Studies in the Aeneid of Virgil. Armidale 1988. Rev: S.J. Harrison, CR 40 (1990) 264-6.

46. F. Cairns, Virgil's Augustan Epic. Cambridge 1989. Rev: Gross, CW 84 (1991) 428-9; Hardie, JRS 80 (1990) 209-10; Heuzé, Latomus 50 (1991) 886-7; Ross, CP 86 (1991) 76-811; Wiltshire, AJP 112 (1991) 565-7.

47. A.S. Cook, ``Some Thoughts on How to Discuss Epic Poetry,'' in A.S. Cook, Soundings on Shakespeare, Modern poetry, Plato & Other Subjects. (Detroit 1991) 38-43.

48. R.J. Edgeworth, The Colors of the Aeneid. (American Univerity Studies, Series XVII). New York 1992.

49. Karl Galinsky, ``Reading the Aeneid in Modern Times,'' Classical and Modern Interactions. Austin & London 1992.

50. Karl Galinsky, ``Introduction: The Current State of the Interpretation of Roman Poetry and the Contemporary Critical Scene,'' The Interpretation of Roman Poetry: Empiricism or Hermeneutics? Karl Galinsky, ed. Frankfurt 1992, 1-40.

51. D. Garrison, ``The Locus Inamoenus: Another Part of the Forest,'' Arion Ser., 3 Vol. 2:1 (1992) 98-114.

52. R. F. Glei, Der Vater der Dinge: Interpetationen zur politischen, literarischen und kulturellen Dimension des Krieges bei Vergil. Trier 1991.

53. K.W. Gransden, Virgil: The Aeneid. Cambridge 1990. Rev: Hardie, CR 41 (1991) 482; Putnam, CW 84 (1991) 477-8.

54. R.B. Hardy, III, The Uses of Memory in the Poetry of Vergil. Diss., Brown U. DA 52:9 (1992) 3269A-3270A.

55. N. Horsfall, ``Virgil and the Illusory Footnote,'' cp. #148.

56. N. Horsfall, ``Virgil and the Poetry of Explanations,'' G&R 38 (1991) 203-11.

57. R.N. Mitchell, ``The Violence of Virginity in the `Aeneid','' Arethusa 24 (1991) 219-38.

58. J. Morwood, ``Aeneas, Augustus, and the Theme of the City,'' G&R 38 (1991) 212-23.

59. T. Oksala, ``Vergil's Aeneid as Homeric, National and Universal Epic,'' Religion, Myth and Folklore in the World's Epics. L. Honko, ed. Berlin-New York 1990, 49-71, = ``Vergiliuksen Aeneis-homeerinen, kansallinen ja universaalinen eepos,'' Kalevala ja maailman eeposket. L. Honko, ed., Helsinki 1987, 37-52.

60. B. Pavlock, Eros, Imitation, and The Epic Tradition. Ithaca & London 1990. Rev: Desbordes, Latomus 50 (1991) 885-6; Vessey, CR 41 (1991) 495.

61. A.M. Pendas de Buzón y A. Schniebs de Rossi, ``La metapoética virgiliana,'' Emérita 59 (1991) 133-42.

62. M.C.J. Putnam, ``Anger, Blindness and Insight in Virgil's Aeneid,'' The Poetics of Therapy. Hellenistic Ethics in its Rhetorical and Literary Context. M. Nussbaum, ed. Edmonton, Alberta 1990. 7-40.

63. A. Salvatore, Letture di Virgilio: aspetti e problemi. Naples 1990.

64. W. Duncan Starker, The Role of the Etruscans in the Aeneid. Diss., Princeton U., 1991. DA 52:8 (1992) 2913A.

65. R.F. Thomas, ``Furor and Furiae in Virgil,'' AJP 112 (1991) 261.

66. Thomas Van Nortwick, Somewhere I Have Never Travelled. The Second Self and the Hero's Journey in Ancient Epic. New York 1991. Rev: Beye, BMCR 2:7 (1991) 444-7.

67. Stephen Ellis Wortman, Poetic Pasts. The Poetic Function of Past Conditions in Vergil's Aeneid. Diss., Columbia U. 1991. DA 52:8 (1992) 2913A-2914A.

Horsfall studies Vergil's use of aitia to bind past and present, an Alexandrian technique that accents erudition. Norwood examines Aeneas' recurrent association with buildings and civic construction as paradigm for Augustus' heroic building program. Putnam's lengthy essay provides a valuable summation of past scholarship on the issue of ira and a provocative new reading of a central issue in the epic. Thomas studies furor and furiae in a different context to clarify the issue of essential meanings; when justifiable frenzy is provoked, Vergil modifies the noun: furiis surrexit Etruria iustis. (8.494). Van Nortwick's synoptic view of the heroic journey includes Gilgamesh, the Homeric epics, and Aeneid.

AENEID: INDIVIDUAL BOOKS

68. F. Spaltenstein, ``Deux lectures antiques de Virgile (à propos de vers 1, 42 and 8, 731 de l'Énéide),'' Études de lettres (Avril/Juin 1991) 27-41.

69. D. Estefania, ``Analisi narratologica e autenticità del testo (Aen. II, 566-589),'' Aufidus 13 (1991) 29-37.

70. J. Ramminger, ``Imitation and Allusion in the Achaemenides Scene (Vergil, Aeneid 3. 588-691),'' AJP 112 (1991) 53-71.

71. Debra Hershkowitz, ``The Aeneid in Aeneid 3,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 69-76.

72. L. Deschamps, ``Comment comprendre `Campi' (Verg. Aen. III 334),'' Kentron 6:3 (1990) 77-80.

73. F. Moya del Baño, ``La ambigüedad en Virgilio (Aen. IV 107-115). A próposito de `incerta feror si Iuppiter . . . velit','' Quadernos de filologia cl sica 24 (1990) 99-109.

74. P.A. Perotti, ``Il libro di Didone: una tragedia nell'Eneide,'' Prometheus 16 (1990) 99-109.

75. Robert C. Ketterer, ``The Rainbow at the End of Aeneid 4,'' Syllecta Classica 3 (1991) 21-3.

76. S. Georgia Nugent, ``Vergil's Voice of the Women in Aeneid V,'' Arethusa 25 (1992) 255-92.

77. F.E. Brenk, ``Wind, Waves, and Treachery: Diodorus, Appian, and the Death of Palinurus in Vergil,'' Mito/Storia/Tradizione: Diodoro Siculo e la Storiografia classica. E. Galvagno, C. Mole Ventura, eds. (Catania 1991) 327-46.

78. F. E. Brenk, ``The Gate of Dreams and an Image of Life: Consolation and Allegory at the End of Vergil's Aeneid VI,'' Studies in Latin Literature and History VI (Bruxelles 1992) 277-94.

79. Ewing Sloan Humphreys, The Descent to Hell: A Deconstructionist Study. Diss., Washington U. 1991. DA 52:10 (1992) 3598A.

80. E. Kraggerud, ``On the Text of Aeneid 6, 852,'' SO 66 (1991) 115-7.

81. P.A. Perotti, ``Dorica castra, alius Achilles (Aen. VI, 88-90),'' Maia 43 (1991) 195-8.

82. G. Laudizi, ``L'episodio di Marcello (Verg. Aen. 6.860-886),'' AAVV, Seminari Sassaresi (Sassari 1990) 47-61.

83. R.H. Rodgers, ``Quique sui memores alios fecere merendo: The Roman Reward for Public Service,'' NECN 19 (1992) 24-7.

84. G. Moretti, ``Aen. 7, 543: il volo di Alletto,'' StudIt 84 (1991) 112-20.

85. Barbara Weiden Boyd, ``Virgil's Camilla and the Traditions of Catalogue and Ecphrasis (Aeneid 7.803-817),'' AJP 113 (1992) 213-34.

86. L. Christante, ``Nota a Virgilio, Eneide VIII 694-5,'' Atti dell'Istituto Veneto di scienze, lett. ed arte 149 (1990-91) 1-6.

87. N. Horsfall, ``Externi duces,'' RFIC 119 (1991) 188-92.

88. T.E. Kinsey, ``Virgil, Aeneid 8, 497-504,'' RBPh 68 (1990) 84-5.

89. Christine Renaud, Studies in the Eighth Book of the Aeneid: The Importance of Place. Diss., U. of Texas, Austin, 1990. DA 52:1 (1991) 155A.

90. JoČl Thomas, ``Le sens symbolique de la bataille d'Actium (Énéide, VIII, 671-728),'' Euphrosyne 19 (1991) 303-8.

91. S.J. Harrison, ed., Vergil: Aeneid 10. With Introduction, Translation, and Commentary. Oxford & New York 1991.

92. James J. O'Hara, ``Vergilian Similes, `Trespass' and the Order of the Aeneid,'' CJ 87 (1991) 1-8.

93. A. Traina, ``Audentes fortuna iuvat (Verg. Aen. 10, 284). Per la storia di un proverbio,'' AAVV., L'Alphabet des Astres, M. Bonincontro, ed. (Chieti 1988) 293-7.

94. Maria Alessio, Studies in Vergil `Aeneid' Eleven. Diss. McMaster U., Hamilton, Ontario, 1991. DA 52:4 (1992) 1315A.

95. K.W. Gransden, ed., Virgil: `Aeneid' Book XI. (Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics). Cambridge 1991.

96. S.J. Harrison, ``Dictamnum and moly; Vergil, Aeneid 12, 411-419,'' CAIRNS 45-7.

97. Erich Potz, ``Pius Furor und der Tod des Turnus,'' Gymnasium 99 (1992) 248-62.

98. J.-U. Schmidt, ``Junos Versöhnung durch Jupiter und das Ende der Aeneis,'' Wort und Dienst. Jahrbuch der Kirchlichen Hochschule Bethel 21 (1991) 81-113.

99. Sarah Spence, ``Clinching the Text: The Danaids and the End of the Aeneid,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 11-19.

Explication of neglected Aeneid 3 is advanced by two articles: Hersh~kowitz shows that the mini-epic of Aeneid 3, the visit to Buthrotum in particular, structurally reflects the epic as a whole; Ramminger refines earlier arguments about the book and enlarges its compass by study of imitation and allusion. Ketterer argues that the rainbow at the close of Aeneid 4 forecasts coming storms for Aeneas and the Romans as a consequence of Dido's curse. Nugent notices that the voice of dissent regularly belongs to women, singly or collectively, as in Aeneid 5; her study includes an examination of the death of Palinurus. Brenk provides a detailed examination of mythical and historical associations for the Palinurus episode. His second article suggests an allegorical-eschatological approach to problems in Aeneid 6 and shows how the poet reshapes themes which appear in consolatory literature. Perotti is convinced that Dorica castra and alius Achilles suggest the Rutulians and Turnus. Horsfall examines the implications of externus in Aeneid 7-12; the Trojans return to Italy as their patria, but they return as legitimate, full-fledged externi, free from charges of decadent eastern behavior. Boyd's article treats the Camilla episode as a conflation of history and poetry, yielding neither pure figment nor simple history. Camilla's nature and career lie between history and imagination. Thomas sees Aeneas' clipeus as symbolic of tensions with a cosmic confrontation between the forces of disorder (Antony, Cleopatra, and the East) and of order (Agrippa, Octavian, and the West); Apollo, above all, symbolizes cosmic harmony. O'Hara attaches Aeneid 10.717-8 to Mezentius; tergum is an unusual, but characteristically Vergilian usage which is neither grotesque nor absurd. Gransden offers spare but valuable comments on the design and poetics of Book 11. Spence examines Turnus' swordbelt and the slaughtered bridegrooms. The Danaid allusion introduces moral and political ambivalence and the Palatine Apollo temple.

CHARACTERS

100. L. Bocciolini Palagi, ``Enea come Orefo,'' Maia 42 (1990) 133-50.

101. Steven Farron, ``Pius Aeneas in Aeneid 4, 393-6,'' Studies in Latin Literature and History VI, Carl Deroux, ed., Bruxelles 1992, 260-76.

102. P.S. Hawkins, ``Dido, Beatrice, and the Signs of Ancient Love,'' ALLUSION 113-30.

103. John Higgins, ``Aeneas: Augustan Hero in the Homeric Age,'' NECN 19 (1992) 21-3.

104. John Rauk, ``Androgeos in Book Two of the Aeneid,'' TAPA 121 (1991) 287-95.

105. A. Wlosok, ``Aeneas Vindex: ethischer Aspekt und Zeitbezug,'' Res humanae-res divinae: Kleine Schriften, E. Heck, E.A. Schmidt, eds. (Heidelberg 1990) 419-36.

106. Susan Lindgren Wofford, The Choice of Achilles: The Ideology of Figure in the Epic. Stanford 1992.

Farron argues that Vergil intended pius (and pietas, gentleness, mercifulness, and kindness) to be construed with verses Aeneid 4.393-5. He examines Vergil's use of language, his attitude to Dido and Aeneas and to love, along with his and the Romans' attitude to the gods. Higgins suggests that the failure of Homeric heroism in the epic symbolizes the failure of violent ``heroism'' in general. The symbolic association of the failure of the old ways of violence with the tension between the Homeric and Vergilian Aeneas implies a model for the future--Augustus must turn out to be better than Octavian. Rauk shows that Androgeos plays an important role in connection with Laocoon, and that he blurs the distinction between Greek and Trojan. Wlosok's contribution is concerned with the morality of vengeance and Aeneas' ultimate act.

AENEID; LEGENDS AND MYTHS

107. J. Aronen, ``Giuturna e il suo culto,'' Lacus Iuturnae (Lavori e Studi di Archeologia 12) (Roma 1989) 57-75.

108. F. Blaive, ``De Ravana à Mézence: dégradation du mythe indo-européen du Guerrier Impie à Rome,'' Latomus 51 (1992) 73-8.

LANDSCAPE, TOPOGRAPHY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

109. J. Aronen, ``Iuturna, Carmenta e Mater Larum. Un rapporto tra mito, calendario e topografia,'' Opuscula Instituti Romani Finlandiae 4 (1989) 65-8.

110. Paolo Amalfitano, Giuseppe Camodeca. Maura Medri, eds. I Campi Flegrei: un itinerario archeologico. Venezia 1990.

111. Raymond J. Clark, ``Vergil's Poetic Treatment of Cumaean Geography,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 60-68.

112. Richard C. Monti, ``The Topographical and Literary Evidence for the Identification of the Sibyl's Cave at Cumae,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 39-59.

113. E.M. Steinby, ed., Lacus Iuturnae. I, 1: Analisi delle fonti. 2 Materiali dagli scavi Boni (1900). Roma 1989.

Clark views Vergil as comparable to an impressionist painter, conflating elements that ought to be separate to produce a mysterious landscape. Monti questions the methodology of identification of the Sibyl's grotto. He rejects Mario Pagano's recent argument that the carefully worked grotto is a defensive construction; analysis of the literary data, together with topographical and architectonic factors, make Maiuri's identification of the impressive tunnel with the Sibyl's grotto a virtual certainty.

ART AND THE AENEID

114. Robert Cohon, ``Vergil and Pheidias: The Shield of Aeneas and of Athena Parthenos,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 22-30.

115. Karl Galinsky, ``Venus, Polysemy, and the Ara Pacis Augustae,'' AJA 96 (1992) 457-75.

116. Eleanor Winsor Leach, The Rhetoric of Space: Literary and Artistic Representation of Landscape in Republican and Augustan Rome. Princeton 1988. Rev: Adam, CP 86 (1991) 158-63; Croisille, Latomus 51 (1992) 231-4.

117. Gregor Maurach, ``Der vergilische und der vatikanische Laokoon. Mit einem Anhang zu Michelangelos Laokoon-Zeichnung,'' Gymnasium 99 (1992) 227-47.

118. John Pollini, ``The Tazza Farnese, Augusto Imperatore, `Redeunt Saturnia Regna!','' AJA 96 (1992) 283-300.

119. Randall L. Skalsky, ``Visual Trope and the Portland Vase Frieze,'' Arion Ser. 3, Vol. 2:1 (1992) 42-72.

Correspondences between the shield of Aeneas and that of Pheidias' Athena Parthenos, for Cohon, imply an association between the Actian triumph and the rout of the Persians, and consort with the contemporary taste for classical art. Galinsky argues that the intentionally multiple iconography of the ``Tellus'' relief on the Ara Pacis Augustae was deliberately designed to create multiple meanings and associations.

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY

120. Gerhard Binder, Saeculum Augustum. I. Herrschaft und Gesellschaft, II. Religion und Literatur. Darmstadt 1987, 1988. Rev: Horsfall, Latomus 50 (1991) 206-8.

121. D.C. Feeney, The Gods in Epic. Poets and Critics of the Classical Tradition. Oxford, 1991. Rev: Dewar, CR 42 (1992) 61-3; Fowler, G&R 39 (1992) 87-93; Gaisser, BMCR 3:2 (1992) 109-12.

122. Marcello Gigante, Filodemo in Italia. Firenze 1990. Rev: Sider, BMCR 2:6 (1991) 353-5.

123. E. Henry, The Vigour of Prophecy: A Study of Virgil's Aeneid. Bristol 1989. Rev: Block, CW 85 (1991) 47.

124. Vivianne Mellinghoff-Bourgerie, Les Incertitudes de Virgile. Contribution épicurienne à la théologie de l'Énéide. Préface, Pierre Grimal. (Collection Latomus 210). Bruxelles 1990.

125. J.J. O'Hara, Death and the Optimistic Prophecy in Vergil's Aeneid. Princeton 1990. Rev: Fowler, G&R 38 (1991) 241-2; Harrison, CR 41 (1991) 327-8; Holoka, CW 85 (1991) 128; Voit, Gymnasium 99 (1992) 175-7.

126. Adele Tepedino Guerra, ``Filosofia e Società a Roma,'' Cronache Ercolanesi 21 (1991) 125-32.

ROME AND AUGUSTUS

127. G. Alföldy, Der Obelisk auf dem Petersplatz in Rom. Ein historisches Monument der Antike. Heidelberg 1990. Rev: Klein, Gymnasium 99 (1992) 275-6.

128. G. Binder, ``Vom Mythos zur Ideologie. Rom und seine Geschichte vor und bei Vergil,'' G. Binder, B. Effe, eds., Mythos. Erzählende Weltdeutung im Spanungfeld von Ritual, Geschichte und Rationalität. Trier 1990, 137-61.

129. Jane DeRose Evans, The Art of Persuasion. Political Propaganda from Aeneas to Brutus. Ann Arbor 1992.

130. William M. Murray, Photios M. Petsas, Octavian's Campsite Memorial for the Actian War. Philadelphia 1989. Rev: Martin, Gnomon 64 (1992) 162-5; Wilkes, Hermathena 150 (1991) 69-70.

131. S. Sniezewski, ``Problem boskjosci Oktawiana Augusta w tworczosci Wergiliusza (Vergilius de Octaviano Augusto divo quid senserit),'' Meander 46 (1991) 11-27.

132. T.P. Wiseman, ``Democracy and Myth: The Life and Death of Remus,'' LCM 16 (1991) 115-24.

Evans examines famous legends, the wolf and the twins and Aeneas' role in founding Rome, in her study of descent from divinities and the noble characters of putative ancestors as props to improved social standing and political opportunities. Wiseman's article is concerned, inter alia, with Aeneid 1.292f., and application of the myth to political evolution.

ROME AND AUGUSTAN WRITERS

133. David Armstrong, Horace (New Haven 1989). Rev: Reckford, Arion Ser. 3, Vol. 1:3 (1991) 209-22.

134. Sarah Strother Bunting, Rhetorical Language in Ovid and Vergil. Diss., U. of Chicago 1990. DA 51:4 (1990) 1217A-1218A.

135. Sigmar Dopp, ``Vergilrezeption in der Ovidischen `Aeneis','' RhM 134 (1991) 327-46.

136. Alistair Elliot, ``A Journey to Brindisi, in 37 B.C. (Horace, Satires 1, 5),'' Arion Ser. 3, Vol. 1:1 (1990) 180-83.

137. E. Fantham, ``The Role of Evander in Ovid's Fasti,'' Arethusa 25 (1992) 155-71.

138. D. Gagliardi, ``Orazio e Virgilio: luci ed ombre di un rapporto difficile,'' Orpheus 12 (1991) 356-77.

139. Miriam Griffin, Jonathan Barnes, Philosophia Togata: Essays on Philosophy and Roman Society. Oxford, 1989. Rev: Champlin, AJP 112 (1991) 562-5.

140. T. Herrera Zapién, Alfonso Reyes, ``Amor a Virgilio y recelo de Horacio,'' Nova Tellus 7 (1989) 91-112.

141. Stephen Hinds, ``Arma in Ovid's Fasti,'' Arethusa 25 (1992) 81-153.

142. Riggs Alden Smith, Allusions of Grandeur: Studies in the Intertextuality of the `Metamorphoses' and the Aeneid. Diss., U. of Pennsylvania, 1990. DA 51:12 (1991) 4110A.

Fantham reveals that Ovid uses Evander as a surrogate for his own homesickness and as a vindication of his innocence. Hinds (Part II, 113-53) suggests that contrasts in the Fasti between arma and their `opposites' function sometimes not merely as a formal aesthetic but as a token of the tension between the moral and political stance in the poet's world and in that of his readers.

VERGIL AND AUGUSTAN WRITERS: PROSE

143. M. Gigante, ``I frammenti di Sirone,'' Paideia (Studi Grilli) (1990), 175-98.

144. John F. Makowski, ``Iocosus Maecenas: Patron as Writer,'' Syllecta Classica 3 (1991) 25-35.

Gigante provides guidance with the fragments of Siro, Vergil's teacher at Neapolitan Pausilypon. Makowski treats the fragmentary prose and poetic remnant lines in the light of ancient criticism; their chief distinction is humor and self-parody.

STYLE, LANGUAGE, AND METER

145. Maria Grazia Bonanno, L'Allusione necessaria. Ricerche intertestuali sulla poesia greca e latina. Roma 1990.

146. D.P. Fowler, ``Narrate and Describe: The Problem of Ekphrasis,'' JRS 81 (1991) 25-35.

147. Shane Stuart Gasbarra, Conceptions of Likeness in the Epic Similes of Homer, Vergil, Dante, and Milton. Diss., Yale U. 1990 DA 52:1 (1991) 156A.

148. N. Horsfall, ``Virgil and the Illusory Footnote,'' CAIRNS 49-63.

149. N. Horsfall, ``Virgil, Parthenius and the Art of Mythological Reference,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 31-36.

150. A.M. Keith, ``Etymological Play on ingens in Ovid, Vergil, and Octavia,'' AJP 112 (1991) 73-76.

151. Gisela Klemke, Beobachtungen zur Vergilischen Parataxe: Das Phänomen des Entfaltung in der Aeneis. Frankfurt am Main, Bern & New York 1990. Rev: Erdt, Gymnasium 99 (1992) 94.

152. R.O.A.M. Lyne, Words and the Poet. Characteristic Techniques of Style in Vergil's Aeneid. Oxford 1989. Rev: Moskalew, CW 85 (1991) 60-61.

153. T. Oksala, ``Zum Gebrauch der griechischen Lehnworter bei Vergil IV. Interprettionen zu der Aeneis,'' Arctos 25 (1991) 81-95.

154. D. Rosand, ``Ekphrasis and the Generation of Images,'' Arion Ser. 3, Vol. 1 (1990) 61-105.

155. G. Servat, ``Le datif dans les Bucoliques de Virgile,'' Minerva 3 (1989) 213-29.

156. L. Zoicas, ``Poétique des éléments dans l'Énéide. II L'eau,'' Studii clasice 27 (1991) 39-43.

Fowler's article on ekphrasis uses Aeneid 1.441-93 as an example. Horsfall's remarks on the illusory footnote and on Vergilian window-dressing for his sophisticated readers are enlightening and entertaining: recherché narratives, mythological homonyms, and anonymous mythical references combine to entertain the erudite. Vergil's opera generally challenge the reader's reading experience and recollections in keeping with the tradition of Hellenistic poetry. Keith revives Mackail's earlier awareness that the overworked ingens apart from imparting tremendous scale may also imply ``innate, native.'' Oksala's ``quartet'' of articles on Vergil's borrowings from Greek in language and usage concludes fortissimo with his study of the epic. Oksala's labors have provided scholars with a reliable resource for further research into the nature of Vergil's art of composition. Rosand's article complements and extends Fowler's article (supra).

VERGIL AND EARLIER WRITERS

157. S. Budick, ``The Prospect of Tradition--Elements of Futurity in a Topos of Homer and Virgil,'' New Literary History 22 (1991) 23-37.

158. W. Clausen, Virgil's Aeneid and the Tradition of Hellenistic Poetry. Berkeley 1987. Rev: Deremetz, Latomus 49 (1990) 493-5.

159. Hartmut Erbse, ``Aineias in der Ilias Homers,'' Hermes 119 (1991) 129-44.

160. John F. Hall, ``The Original Ending of the Aeneas Tale: Cato and the Historiographical Tradition of Aeneas,'' Syllecta Classica 3 (1991) 13-20.

161. R. Lentini Merlino, ``Ispirati da Apollo e figli di Asclepio in Omero e Virgilio,'' Medicina nei secoli 1:3 (1989) 251-272.

162. F. Trisoglio, ``Virgilio e i tragici greci,'' Orpheus 12 (1991) 165-70.

163. A.J. Woodman, ``Virgil, Eclogue 6. 39-40 and Lucretius,'' LCM 16 (1991) 92.

Hall examines the Vergilian departure from the established tradition of Aeneas. Woodman studies linguistic parallels between Aeneid 6.39-40 and Lucretius, DRN 2.114-5.

ANCIENT AUTHORS AFTER VERGIL

164. Laura Boccolini Palagi, ``Enea, Scipione e i fratelli siculi (a proposito di Stat. Silv. III.3. 188ss.),'' Maia 43 (1991) 199-208.

165. Michael Dewar, ed., Statius, Thebaid IX. With translation and commentary. Oxford 1991. Rev: Fowler, G&R 39 (1992) 93-4; McGuire, NECN 19 (1992) 39-40.

166. Stavros A. Frangoulidis, ``Vergil's Tale of the Trojan Horse in Apuleius' Robber-Tale of Thrasyleon,'' PP 46 (1991) 95-111.

167. R.P.H. Green, ed., The Works of Ausonius. With introduction, and commentary. Oxford 1992. Rev: Klingshirn, BMCR 3:2 (1991) 123-5.

168. E. Henry, ``Virgilian Elements in Tacitus' Historical Imagination,'' ANRW 33: 3,4 (1991) 2987-3259.

169. Wolfgang Luppe, ``Ein Verderbters Vergilzitat bei Plinius,'' Hermes 119 (1991) 123-4.

170. René Martin, ``Apulée, Virgile, Augustin: Réflexions nouvelles sur la structure des Confessions,'' REL 68 (1990) 136-50.

171. Carole Newlands, ``Silvae 3.1 and Statius' Poetic Temple,'' CQ 41 (1991) 438-52.

172. John Sarkissian, ``Appreciating Umbricius: The Prologue (1-20) of Juvenal's Third Satire,'' C&M 42 (1991) 247-25.

173. Antonie Wlosok, ``Zur Geltung und Beurteilung Vergils und Homers in Spätantike und früher Neuzeit,'' Res humanae-res divinae: Kleine Schriften, E. Heck, E.A. Schmidt, eds. (Heidelberg 1990) 476-98.

Frangoulidis assesses Apuleius' humorous exploitation of Vergil's epic Iliupersis. Luppe is concerned with Pliny's quotation from Aeneid 5.320f., in his letter to Tacitus (VII.20.4). Martin's study of Augustine introduces Vergil's Bucolics and Aeneid in his argument on the structure of the Confessions. Newlands aligns the proem of Georgics 3 with Statius' poetic temple on the Campanian estate of his friend, Pollius Felix. Sarkissian suggests that Vergil is Juenal's spokesman in the prologue of Satire 3 where echoes of Eclogue 1 come through clearly. Wlosok's study of the interpretation of Vergil in late antiquity and thereafter includes the Lives of Focas and Donatus, Biblical exegesis, Vida, and Scaliger.

ANCIENT LIVES

174. E.J. Champlin, Final Judgments. Duty and Emotion in Roman Wills 200 B.C.-A.D. 250. Berkeley 1991.

175. F. Stok, ``Stemma Vitarum Vergilianarum,'' Maia 43 (1991) 209-20.

176. F. Stok, ``La Vita Laurentiana di Virgilio,'' AAVV., Seminari Sassaresi (Sassari 1990) 223-30.

Champlin's valuable study of Roman testaments includes Vergil's will and the requirements laid on his executors.

ANCIENT COMMENTARIES, SCHOLIA

177. P.V. Cova, ``Indizi e funzioni nel commento serviano al libro terzo dell'Eneide,'' AAVV., Tradizione dello antico (#209) 130-136.

178. H.D. Jocelyn, ``The Ancient Story of the Imperial Edition of the Aeneid,'' Sileno 16 (1990) 263-278.

179. A. Mendolia, ``Servius ad Aen. VI.136,'' Atti Acc. Pelor 65 (1989) 253-66.

180. R. Reduzzi Merola, ``Servi ordinarii e schiavi vicari nei responsa di Servio,'' Index 17 (1989) 185-91.

181. Raymond J. Starr, ``An Epic of Praise: Tiberius Claudius Donatus and Vergil's Aeneid,'' Classical Antiquity 11 (1992) 159-74.

182. Raymond J. Starr, ``Explaining Dido to Your Son: Tiberius Claudius Donatus on Vergil's Dido,'' CJ 87 (1991) 25-34.

183. Raymond J. Starr, ``Vergil in the Courtroom: The Law and Tiberius Claudius Donatus' Interpretationes Vergilianae,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 3-10.

184. S. Timpanaro, ``Ancora su alcuni passi di Servio e degli scolii danielini al libro terzo dell'Eneide,'' Mat. Disc. Anal. Testi Class. 22 (1989) 123-82.

Starr argues that Donatus' acceptance of the epic was an encomium of Aeneas and Augustus based not on historical and political factors, where he drew a blank, but on the literary ``message,'' and on the ingredients of rhetorical praise and blame, founded on the progymnasma of laudatio. His VERGILIUS article examines how Donatus' legal interests affected his understanding of Vergil's epic.

MANUSCRIPTS: TEXTUAL TRADITION

185. M. Bandini, ``In uso librario antico e la critica al testo di Virgilio,'' A&R 36 (1991) 96-9.

186. Martin Davies & John Goldfinch, Vergil: A Census of Printed Editions, 1469-1500. Occasional Papers of the Bibliographical Society 7, 1992. A Centenary Publication. Foreword by Lotte Hellinga, Introduction by R. C. Alston. London 1992.

187. Craig Kallendorf, A Bibliography of Venetian Editions of Virgil, 1470-1599. Firenze 1991.

188. A. Wlosok, ed., Publius Vergilius Maro. Bucolica, Georgica, Aeneis. València, Biblioteca General i Històrica de la Universitat, Ms. 837. (Codices illuminati medii aevi 23). Farbmikrofiche-Edition. Einleitung und Beschreibung der Miniaturen von Antonie Wlosok. München 1992.

189. David H. Wright, The Vatican Vergil: A Masterpiece of Late Antique Art. Berkeley 1992.

Davis and Goldfinch draw on a database of 15th century printing, the so-called Incunabula Short Title Catalogue (ISTC), being compiled as a collaborative project at the British Library. They provide up-to-date catalogue details on Vergilian editions in the U.K., Europe, and North America. Wlosok's meticulous edition of the Valencia manuscript includes an introduction and a description of the miniatures. Wright's study of the Vatican Vergil testifies to the marvelous qualities of late antique miniature paintings and designs.

VERGIL AND LATER AGES: GENERAL

190. Jasper Griffin, ``Virgil,'' The Legacy of Rome: A New Appraisal, Richard Jenkyns, ed., Oxford 1992, 125-50.

THE MIDDLE AGES

191. R. Ball, ``Theological Semantics: Virgil's Pietas and Dante's Pietà,'' ALLUSION 19-36.

192. Margrith Berghoff-Bührer, Das Bucolicum Carmen des Petrarca: ein Beitrag zur Werkungsgeschichte von Vergils Eclogen: Einführung, lateinischer Text, öbersetzung und Kommentar zu den Gedichten 1-5, 8 und 11. Bern & New York 1991.

193. Dennis Scott Brooks, Paradise Lost and the Commented Epic. Diss., U. of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1991. DA 52:10 (1992) 3609A.

194. A.E.C. Canitz, ``From Aeneid to Eneados: Theory and Practice of Gavin Douglas's Translation,'' Medievalia et Humanistica 17 (1991) 81-99.

195. Victor Castellani, ``Vergilius Ultor: Revenge and Pagan Morality,'' Lectura Dantis 9 (1991) 3-10.

196. Marilynn R. Desmond, ``I Wol Singen, Yif I kan''; The Aeneid in Medieval French and English Narrative. Diss. U. of California, Berkeley, 1985. DA 46:9 (1986) 2687A-2688A.

197. P.R. Doob, The Idea of the Labyrinth: From Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages Ithaca 1990. Rev: Hardie, CR 41 (1991) 365-6.

199. Katherine Heinrichs, The Myths of Love: Classical Lovers in Medieval Literature. University Park & London 1990. Rev: Rexine, VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 115-8.

200. R. Hollander, ``Dante's Misreadings of the Aeneid in Inferno 20,'' ALLUSION 77-93.

201. R. Jacoff, ``Intertextualities in Arcadia: Purgatorio 30.49-51.'' ALLUSION 131-44.

202. Craig Kallendorf, In Praise of Aeneas: Virgil and Epideictic Rhetoric in the Early Italian Renaissance. Rev: George, CW 84 (1991) 310-11; Marsh, Renaissance Quarterly 43 (1990) 591-3; Vickers, Bibliothèque d'Humanisme et Renaissance 53 (1991) 215-7.

203. Joseph Loewenstein, ``Echo's Ring: Orpheus and Spenser's Career,'' ELR 16 (1986) 287-302.

204. James H. McGregor, The Shades of Aeneas: The Imitation of Vergil and the History of Paganism in Boccaccio's Filostrato, Filocolo, and Teseida. Athens & London 1991. Rev: Kallendorf, VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 112-4.

205. Scott McKendrick, ``The Great History of Troy: A Reassessment of the Development of a Secular Theme in Late Medieval Art,'' JWCI 54 (1991) 43-82.

206. Edward Peter Nolan, Now Through a Glass Darkly. Specular Images of Being and Knowing from Virgil to Chaucer. Ann Arbor 1991.

207. Nancy K. Ruff, ``Sely Dido: A Good Woman's Fame,'' C&M 12 (1991) 59-58.

208. Pasquale Sabbatino, ``Eden della nuova poesia: Saggi sulla Divina Commedia,'' Studi di Letteratura Francese 242 (1991).

209. A. Salvatore, ``Lo bello stile che m'ha fatto onore,'' AAVV., Tradizione dell'antico nelle letterature e nelle arti d'Occidente (Roma & Parma, 1990) 193-211.

210. J.T. Schnapp, ``Si pia l'ombra d'Anchise si porse: Paradiso 15.25,'' ALLUSION 145-56.

211. W.A. Stephany, ``Dante's Harpies: `tristo annunzio di futuro danno','' ALLUSION 37-44.

Canitz studies Scottish Gavin Douglas' translation of the epic, with sidelights on Geoffrey Chaucer and William Caxton. McKendrick deals with Dares the Phrygian and Dictys the Cretan. Nolan's compilation examines Ovid, Vergil, Dante, Chaucer, et al., and their ties with the mirror as instrument and as metaphor.

RENAISSANCE AND TUDOR WRITERS

212. Eric MacPhail, ``The Roman Tomb or the Image of the Tomb in Du Bellay's Antiquités,'' BHR 48 (1986) 359-72.

213. Charles & Michelle Martindale, Shakespeare and the Uses of Antiquity. An Introductory Essay. London & New York 1990.

214. Nancy P. Pope, National History in the Heroic Poem: A Comparison of the ``Aeneid'' and ``The Faerie Queen''. New York & London 1990.

215. Rosario Portale, ``Christopher Marlowe: Dido, Queene of Carthage,'' PORTALE 1-12.

216. Rosario Portale, ``Loci virgiliani in William Shakespeare,'' PORTALE 13-33.

217. Shirley Clay Scott, ``From Polydorus to Fradubio: The History of Topos.'' SSt 75 (1986) 27-57.

218. G. Silvani, ``I fuochi d'amore e di morte di `Dido, Queene of Carthage' di Christopher Marlowe,'' AAVV., Tradizione dell'antico nelle letterature (#209), 302-14.

219. G. Solimano, ``Una lettera rinascimentale dell'Eneide: la Didone di G.B. Giraldi Cinzio,'' AAVV., Tradizione dell'antica (#209) 276-90.

220. John Allen Watkins, Spenser and the Virgilian Heritage. Diss., Yale U., 1991. DA 52:1 (1991) 158A.

MacPhail reveals that the image of the tomb (deriving from Vergil, Horace, and Ovid) became the controlling metaphor for the evocation of the ruins of Rome and a poetic metaphor for the permanence of fame in the poetic grave. The Martindales, after reminding readers that one-third of Shakespeare's plays were set in the ancient world, set about studying the usage under separate headings: Ovid, Troy, Rome, and Stoicism. Scott studies the evolution and adaptations of the Polydorus story from Vergil to Spenser.

SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY WRITERS

221. S. Cauchi, ed., Sir John Harrington, The Sixth Book of Vergil's Aeneid. Translation and Commentary. New York 1991. Rev: Griffin, TLS 4598 (1991) 3-4.

222. Kathleen Collins, ``Théophile de Viau and the Echoes of Distant Voices,'' Actes de Las Vegas: Théorie dramatique, Théophile de Viau, Les Contes de fées, Marie-France Hilgar, ed., Paris. 1991, 109-14.

223. Patrick John Cook, From Ariosto to Milton: Generic Composition in Renaissance Epic. Diss., U. of California, Berkeley, 1991. DA 52 (1991) 1317A-1318A.

224. Douglas Taylor Corse, Arms and the Man: A Study of Dryden's Aeneid. Diss., U. of Florida, 1985. DA 47:1 (1986) 187A.

225. Taylor Corse, ``An Echo of Dryden in Addison's Cato,'' Notes and Queries 38 (1991) 236.

226. Taylor Corse, Dryden's Aeneid: The English Virgil. Cranbury NJ 1991.

227. James D. Garrison, Pietas from Vergil to Dryden. University Park, PA 1992.

228. Shane Stuart Gasbarra, Conceptions of Likeness in the Epic Similes of Homer, Vergil, Dante, and Milton. Diss., Yale U., 1990. DA 52:1 (1991) 156A.

229. Roxanne H. Gentilcore, The Classical Tradition and American Attitudes Towards Nature in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Diss., Boston U., 1991. DA 52:5 (1991) 1736A.

230. P. Levi, ``Dryden's Virgil''. The Art of Poetry: The Oxford Lectures, 1984-1989. P. Levi, ed. New Haven 1991, 67-80.

231. L.L. Martz, ``Pure and Impure Pastoral,'' From Renaissance to Baroque: Essays on Literature and Art. L.L. Martz, ed. St. Louis, MO 1991, 115-30.

232. Thomas Stauder, ``Dir Reise von Troja nach Rom in Aeneis-Travestien des 17. Jahrhunderts; Beiträge zum Kolloquium der Arbeitsgruppe Kulturgeschichte des Barockzeitalters an der Herzog-August-Bibliothek Wolfenbuttel vom 10. bis 12. Juli 1989,'' Reisen des Barock: Selbst-und Fremder fahrung und ihre Darstellung, Regina Pleithner, ed. (Bonn 1991) 88-126.

Cauchi's edition of Harrington's period translation and commentary on the Sixth Aeneid in 1694, is armed with an introduction and notes. Collins' intertextual study deals with Vergil's Eclogues and homosexual love; the paper was produced for the 22nd Convention of the North American Society for Seventeenth Century French Literature, at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, in March 1990.

EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY WRITERS

233. Barry Baldwin, ``Samuel Johnson and Virgil,'' Prudentia 24 (1992) 37-63.

234. Kurt Heinzelmann, ``Roman Georgic in the Georgian Age: A Theory of Romantic Genre,'' Texas Studies in Literature and Language 33 (1992) 182-214.

235. Frederick M. Keener, ``Pope, The Dunciad, and the New Historicism of Le Bossu,'' Eighteenth-Century Life 15 (1991) 35-57.

236. Malcolm Kelsall, ed., Joseph Trapp: Preface to the Aeneis of Virgil. New York 1992.

237. Rosario Portale, ``I modelli virgiliani di John Milton,'' PORTALE 35-58.

238. Rosario Portale, ``Jonathan Swift: il Dean rivisitato,'' PORTALE 59-85.

239. Rosario Portale, `` `This Swan of Windsor' e `The Mantuan': Pope e Virgilio,'' PORTALE 87-120.

240. Rosario Portale, ``James Thomson: `English Virgil' del Settecento inglese,'' PORTALE 121-30.

Baldwin details how Vergil ``occupied a fair share of Johnson's emotions, intellect, and pen, from schoolboy days to his life's close.'' Partial to Eclogues 1 and 10, and to the bucolic poems generally, he showed less enthusiasm for the Georgics and Aeneid; in the medley of classical quotations in his letters, there are 21 Vergilian tags, with 17 from the epic, 3 from the bucolic poems, and only 1 from the Georgics. Baldwin directs his readers to Johnson's Lives of the Poets where innumerable obiter dicta on Vergil (and other Roman poets) can be excavated. Portale's essays, here, as elsewhere, provide succinct compendia of information and critical estimates.

NINETEENTH-CENTURY WRITERS

241. A. Cooper, ``The Appian Way--Virgil's Bees and Keats' Honeyed Verse,'' Texas Studies in Literature and Language 33 (1991) 160-181.

242. Bruce E. Graver, ``Wordsworth's Georgic Beginnings,'' Texas Studies in Literature and Language 33 (1991) 137-159.

243. Bruce E. Graver, ``Wordsworth's Georgic Pastoral: Otium and Labor in `Michael','' European Romantic Review 1:2 (1991) 119-34.

244. John A. Hodgson, ``Was It for This . . . ? Wordsworth's Virgilian Questionings,'' Texas Studies in Literature and Language 33 (1991) 125-36.

245. Stephen Lawrence Karcher, The Haunted Mind: Prolegomena to Hawthorne's Version of Pastoral. Diss., U. of Connecticut, 1991. DA 52:1 (1991) 156A-157A.

246. William Keach, ``Shelley and the Social Text of Virgil's Tenth Eclogue,'' Texas Studies in Literature and Langauge 33 (1991) 261-70.

247. J.H. Murdoch, ``The Landscape of Labor: Transformations of the Georgic,'' Romantic Evolutions: Criticism and Theory. K.R. Johnston, ed. (Bloomington 1990) 176-93.

248. Ilona Opelt, ``Puskin und die klassiche Antike,'' AKG 68 (1986) 185-215.

249. Michael Poliakoff, ``Vergil and the Heart of Darkness: Observations on a Recurring Theme,'' Arion Ser 3. vol 2:1 (1992) 73-97.

250. Rosario Portale, ``William Wordsworth: un virgiliano misconosciuto,'' PORTALE 131-55.

251. Rosario Portale, ``George Gordon Byron e `that harmonious and miserable flatterer','' PORTALE 157-66.

252. Rosario Portale, ``Percy Bysshe Shelley e quei sottili legami,'' PORTALE 167-85.

253. Rosario Portale, `` `The Sweet Majestic Tone of Maro's Lyre': spunti ed echi virgiliani in John Keats,'' PORTALE 187-95.

254. Rosario Portale, `` `A Virgil among the Shades': Alfred Tennyson,'' PORTALE 197-213.

255. ``Angela Stief, Die Aeneisillustrationen von Girode-Trioson. Kunstlerische und literarische Rezeption von Vergils Epos in Frankreich um 1800. Bern & New York 1986.

256. Duncan Wu, Nicola Trott, ``Three Sources for Wordsworth's Prelude Cave,'' Notes and Queries 38 (1991) 298-9.

Hodgson examines Wordsworth's The Prelude and its Vergilian echoes. Keach brings Shelley's ``Julian and Maddalo'' and its male-male relationships into conjunction with Vergil's Bucolics. Poliakoff measures Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness against Vergilian norms. Duncan Wu suggests that Wordsworth's ``Prelude'' is indebted to William Gilpin, John Housman, and Christopher Pitt's translation of the epic.

TWENTIETH-CENTURY WRITERS

257. Harold Bloom, ``The Poetry of Robert Fitzgerald,'' Contemporary Poets, Harold Bloom, ed. (New York 1986) 19-25.

258. Dana L. Burgess, ``Vergilian Modes in Spike Lee's Do the Right Thing,'' CML 11 (1991) 313-316.

259. Herbert H. Huxley, ``Aeneas Demobilized; Coniugium Vocat,'' VERGILIUS 37 (1991) 37-8.

260. Bernhard Kytzler, ``Die Keule des Hercules,'' Arcadia 26 (1991) 77-8.

261. T. Oksala, ``Hermann Brochs Roman Die Tod des Vergil im Verhältnis zum historischen Vergilbild. Wedernoch. Tangenten zu den finnisch-österreichischen Kulturbeziehungen,'' Mitteilungen aus der deutschen Bibliothek 1986, 465-78.

262. Annabel Patterson, Pastoral and Ideology: Virgil to Valéry. Berkeley 1987. Rev: Chaudhuri, Notes and Queries 38 (1991) 102-3; Rabel, Romance Quarterly 37 (1990) 353-4; Quilan, French Review 64 (1990) 146-7; Venuti, Journal of Modern Literature 16 (1989) 275-6.

263. Rosario Portale, ``Risonanze virgiliane in Thomas Hardy,'' PORTALE 215-22.

264. D.L. Selden, ``Classics and Contemporary Criticism,'' Arion Ser. 3, Vol. 1 (1990) 155-78.

Kytzler brings Vergil into conjunction with Hugo von Hofmannsthal's play, Jedermann.

VERGIL AND MUSIC

265. C. Gallico, ``La fortuna di Virgilio nella musica, ed il caso di Domenico Mazzocchi,'' AAVV., Tradizione dell'antico nelle letterature e nelle arti d'Occidente, Roma & Parma 1990, 337-43.

266. A. Thill, ``L'Énéide de Berlioz,'' REL 68 (1990) 173-86.

VERGIL AND ART

267. A. Calzona, ``I monumenti medievali di Virgilio a Mantova,'' AAVV., Tradizione dell'antico nelle letterature (#209) 162-85.

268. D.D.C. Chambers, ``The Translation of Antiquity--Virgil, Pliny and the Landscape Garden,'' UTQ 60 (1991) 354-73.

269. Gunnar Danbolt, Roma Invicta: An Interpretation of Raphael's Incendio di Borgo in the Vatican. Acta ad Archaeologiam et artium historiam pertinentia. Series 8, vol. 7 (1989).

270. Robert N. Essick, ``The Virgil Wood Engravings in Alexander Gilchrist's Life of William Blake,'' The Book Collector 40 (1991) 579-81.

271. R. Lopez Toerrijos, ``El bimilenario di Virgilio y la pintura española del siglo 17,'' ArchivEspArte 54 (1981) 385-404.

272. Kathleen Nicholson, Turner's Classical Landscapes: Myth and Meaning. Princeton 1990. 276-94.

273. A. Radcliffe, ``Two Early Romano-Mantuan Plaquettes,'' Studies in the History of Art 22 (1989) 93-103.

Nicholson studies Turner's addiction to Vergil's Carthaginian and Cumaean material with illustrations of Turner's paintings in the Clore Gallery in London. Radcliffe treats two grisaille paintings, by Mantegna, both in Montreal's Museum of Fine Arts, of Judith and Dido as portraits of virtuous heroic women. The head of Dido matches a head in Mantegna's Introduction of Cybele, where the goddess is depicted in a marble bust. Mantegna designed a statue of Vergil in 1499 for the Gonzagas of Mantua, specifically for Isabella d'Este, a woman of zeal and erudition, but no marble sculptor could be found to execute the commission.

Alexander G. McKay
McMaster University
1 September 1992